Definitions:Criminal Justice Terms

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Definitions: Criminal Justice Terms

 
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y
A
Abduction Taking away by violence or fraud and persuasion; kidnapping. Usually a female or wife, child or ward.
Abet See Aiding and Abetting.
Abstraction Taking away with intent to harm or deceive.
Accessory Not the perpetrator of the crime but in some way involved without being present in the commission of the crime.
Accessory After the Fact One who helps a criminal to elude arrest.
Accessory Before the Fact One who induces another to commit a crime.
Acquittal A not-guilty verdict absolving an accused party of guilt. Release or absolution.
Adjudication The legal process by which a case or claim is settled. May also be the final pronouncement of judgment in a case or claim.
Adjudication Withheld The court will withhold a decision until a future date. Usually some sort of probation is added and if the defendant complies with the conditions for a specified period of time, the case will be dismissed.
Affidavit A voluntarily, written statement of fact, confirmed by oath.
Affray Brawl or disturbance. Not premeditated.
Aggravated (assault, battery, arson, etc.) Circumstances surrounding the commission of a crime or tort which increase or add to its injurious consequences.
Aiding and Abetting To assist and/or incite another to commit a crime.
Alias False name used in substitution of a legal name on official documents and for official purposes. Nicknames are not considered aliases. May be noted as AKA (Also Known As) on criminal records.
Antitrust Acts or Laws Laws to protect trade and commerce from unlawful practice.
Appeal A complaint to a superior court to review the decision of a lower court.
Appellant One who makes a complaint to a superior court to review the decision of a lower court.
Appellate Court A court having jurisdiction of appeal and review. Not a trial court.
Appropriate To take something from another for one’s own use or benefit.
Archive/Archives The place where records are stored after a certain specified period of time. The period of time a record is held at a court of record may differ between courts and states.
Arraignment A call to the accused to come before the court to hear charges or enter a plea.
Arrest The taking of an individual into custody by law enforcement personnel for the purpose of charging them with an illegal act.
Arrest Record An official form completed by the police department when a person is arrested. Also, a cumulative record of all instances in which a person has been arrested.
Arson The attempted or intentional destruction of property by fire or explosion.
Assault Intentional or threatened infliction of injury to another. The classification of “aggravated” is assigned when the injury is considered serious or when injury is threatened or carried out with the use of a deadly or dangerous weapon. The classification of “simple” is assigned when the injury inflicted or threatened is not serious and a deadly weapon is not used. May be used with Battery.

 

 

 

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Definitions:Criminal Justice Terms