Definitions:Criminal Justice Terms

Our Services:
Home > Definitions: Criminal Justice Terms
 

Definitions: Criminal Justice Terms

 
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y
D
Dangerous Weapon Something that is capable, though not designed to cause serious injury or death.
De Novo Latin for “anew” or “afresh”. Usually used as Trial De Novo. New trial, or one that is held for a second time, as if there had been no previous trial or decision.
Dead Docket The case never went to trial. The case can be reopened if new evidence is submitted.
Deadly Weapon A weapon designed to cause serious injury or death.
Defendant A person against whom a cause of action is taken.
Deferred Adjudication of Guilt The final judgment is delayed for a period of time. Can be likened to probation before a final verdict. If “probation” is completed without incident, the charges are usually dropped and the case is dismissed. During the “probationary period” the disposition is not necessarily considered a conviction.
Deferred Probation The judge doesn’t make a finding of guilt; he assigns probation. If probation is completed without incident, the charges are usually dropped.
Deferred Sentence Postponement of the pronouncement of the sentence.
Defraud Knowingly misrepresenting facts to cheat or trick. Degree (First, Second, or Third, A, B or C).. Classification assigned to a crime, depending on circumstances, for purposes of determining punishment. First degree is considered most serious than third; A is more serious than C. Degrees may be assigned to the actual crime (IE: murder in the first or second degree) or the class of crimes (IE: felony or misdemeanor).
Directed Verdict A determination by a jury, made at the direction of the judge. A directed verdict happens in cases where there has been a lack of evidence, an overwhelming amount of evidence, or where the law is in favor of one of the parties.
Dismissal Finally disposing of the cause without further consideration. May be voluntary or involuntary. When involuntary, there is usually lack of prosecution or failure to produce sufficient evidence.
Disposed/Disposition The final settlement in the matter. Examples of disposed cases are those with a finding of guilt (conviction), innocence, or acquittal.
Diversion Program To set aside. A court direction which calls a defendant, who has been found guilty, to attend a work or educational program as part of probation. May include some type of anger management, drug rehab, etc. If the condition of program is met, charge may be considered non-conviction.
Diversity of Citizenship A crime or claim which extends between citizens of different states. This is one of the grounds that can be used to invoke the jurisdiction of the U.S. Federal District Court.
Docket Record A court’s official record of proceedings and calendar of upcoming cases.
Driving While Intoxicated Operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Complete intoxication is not required. Individual state statutes specify the blood alcohol content at which a person is presumed to be under the influence of intoxicating liquor.
Due Diligence A reasonable and expected measure of attention taken for a particular action. Not measurable by an absolute standard, but dependant on the situation.
Due Process of Law Procedures followed by law enforcement and courts to insure the protection of an individual’s rights as assigned by the Constitution.

 

 

 

Info Cubic 9250 E. Costilla Ave., Suite 525, Greenwood Village, CO 80112
Toll-free: (877) 360-4636
Phone: (303) 220-0170
Fax: (303) 220-0171
Stay in Touch


Other Languages Spanish
French
German
Japanese
Chinese

Company Services
Pricing
Resources
About Us
Contact Us
Privacy
Site Map
Industry Solutions
Criminal Terms
Articles

Definitions:Criminal Justice Terms